|Source||Mouse||Purification method||Protein G purification|
|Isotype||IgG1||Storage||PBS with 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol pH 7.3. Store at -20oC.|
|BC009362||Gene ID (NCBI)||9869|
|Gene symbol||SETDB1||Synonyms||ESET, H3 K9 HMTase 4, H3 K9 HMTase4, KG1T, KIAA0067, KMT1E, Lysine N methyltransferase 1E, SET domain bifurcated 1, SET domain, bifurcated 1, SETDB1|
SETDB1, also named as ESET, KIAA0067 and KMT1E, belongs to the histone-lysine methyltransferase family. It is a SET domain protein with histone H3-K9-specific methyltransferase activity. H3 'Lys-9' trimethylation is coordinated with DNA methylation and represents a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression by recruiting HP1 (CBX1, CBX3 and/or CBX5) proteins to methylated histones. SETDB1 mainly functions in euchromatin regions, thereby playing a central role in the silencing of euchromatic genes. It probably forms a complex with MBD1 and ATF7IP that represses transcription and couples DNA methylation and histone 'Lys-9' trimethylation. Its activity is dependent on MBD1 and is heritably maintained through DNA replication by being recruited by CAF-1. SETDB1 regulates histone methylation, gene silencing, and transcriptional repression. It has been identified as a target for treatment in Huntington Disease, given that gene silencing and transcription dysfunction likely play a role in the disease pathogenesis.